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Technical Term

Definition

Date First Used

Affixes

  • other parts [bound morphemes]

16. 11. 2006

Allomorph

  • Variant forms of a morpheme

  • Example: a -- an, plural -s /s/ -- /Iz/ -- /z/

16.11. 2006

base

  • form to which an affix is attached

16.11. 2006

Beowulf

(c. 700-1000 A.D.) is a heroic epic poem. At 3,182 lines, it is notable for its length in comparison to other Old English poems.

09. 11. 2006




Bound morpheme

  • can only occur in connection with other morphemes. Example: -s, -ion, un-, -ize, ...

16. 11. 2006

Complex word

  • contains more than one morpheme (i.e. ≥2 morphemes).

  • Example: computer, boys, radio-recorder, bookshelf, magnetize, acidfree

16. 11. 2006

Compound

    Word that consists of more than one free morpheme

16. 11. 2006

Derivation

    process of adding a morpheme to a base by which the meaning and/or wordclass of the base changes

23. 11. 2006

Etymology

The history of words

26. 10. 2006

Free morpheme

  • can occur as a simple word.

  • Example: boy, man, radio,...

16. 11. 2006

Golden horns of Gallehus

two golden horns, one shorter than the other, discovered in North Slesvig, or Schleswig, in Denmark. The horns were believed to date to the fifth century (Germanic Iron Age).

09. 11. 2006

Great Vowel Shift

The Great Vowel Shift was a major change in the pronunciation of the English language, generally accomplished in the fifteenth century, although evidence suggests it began as early as the fourteenth century. The shift continued for some time into the sixteenth century, spreading toward the non-metropolitan and non-port areas. It represented a change in the long vowels (i.e., a vowel shift).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_vowel_shift

26. 10. 2006

Grimm's Law

  1. Proto-Indo-European voiceless stops change into voiceless fricatives.

  2. Proto-Indo-European voiced stops become voiceless.

  3. Proto-Indo-European voiced aspirated stops lose their aspiration and change into plain voiced stops.

26. 10. 2006




High German Soundshift

  1. Germanic voiceless stops became fricatives in certain phonetic environments (English ship maps to German Schiff);

  2. The same sounds became affricates in other positions (appleApfel);

  3. Voiced stops became voiceless (dayTag); and

  4. /θ/ became /d/ (thisdies).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_German_Sound_Shift

26. 10. 2006

Hypertext

A hypertextdocument is a text either with conventional hierarchical parts or as a complex network of parts. Actually, every document in the world wide web is a hypertext.

19. 10. 2006

MORPHEMES

The smallest unit of a unit that carries meaning. A word can be comprised of one or more morphemes

16. 11. 2006

MORPHOLOGY

The study of the formation of words

16. 11. 2006

Prefix

affixes that attach before the root

16. 11. 2006

Portfolio

A portfolio is a collection of works to be used as a learner's diary and/ or a glossary. It is important to assess your learning outcome and to prepare for examinations.

It should contain a table of content, tasks and reports that you produce during the lecture or at home, brief summaries of the lectures and a glossary with all important technical terms.

19.10.2006

root

carries the meaning

  • unbelievable: believe

16. 11. 2006

Simple word

  • consists of only one morpheme.

  • Example: boy, man, radio, book, paper, magnet, house, compute

16. 11. 2006

suffix

affixes that attach after the root

16. 11. 2006

Text

    A text is a document, a novel as well as an advertisement, which consists of sentences or even only words.it' s main properties are

    - appearance (the media (novel, newspaper, ...)

    - meaning (semantics, pragmatics)

- structure (formulation)

19. 10. 2006



Verner's Law

Verner's law, stated by Karl Verner in 1875, describes a historical sound change in the Proto-Germanic language whereby voiceless fricatives *f, *þ, *s and *x, when immediately following an unstressed syllable in the same word, underwent voicing and became respectively *b, *d, *z and *g. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verner%27s_Law

26. 10. 2006

Website

A website is an online hypertext document with embedded document objects as well as linked document objects and therefore a text.

19. 10. 2006

Zero derivation

words can change wordclass without the addition of other morphemes (=by adding an empty morpheme)

23. 11. 2006




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